which areas were affected by the valdivia earthquake

Electricity, water and phone lines were cut. It was in 1960 near the Chilean city of Valdivia, Dr. Allmendinger pointed out, that a 9.5-magnitude earthquake, the most powerful recorded since … Chilean President Michele Bachelet said that altogether two million people had been affected. Most severely affected was Haiti, occupying the western third of the island. An exact death toll proved elusive in the ensuing chaos. The 1960 Valdivia earthquake or Great Chilean Earthquake of 22 May 1960 was the most powerful earthquake ever recorded, rating 9.5 on the moment magnitude scale. On May 22, 1960, the most powerful earthquake in recorded history— magnitude 9.5—struck southern Chile.

On March 11, 2011, a magnitude-9 earthquake shook northeastern Japan, unleashing a savage tsunami. The rupture zone stretched almost 1,000 kilometers (621 miles) along the country’s coast. 2010 Haiti earthquake, large-scale earthquake that occurred on January 12, 2010, in Haiti and the Dominican Republic. A forlorn man sitting amongst the rubble in the city of Valdivia after the 9.5 quake in 1960.
The tremor triggered a giant tsunami which caused destruction and deaths as far away as Japan, around a day later.

The 1960 Valdivia earthquake or Great Chilean Earthquake of Sunday, 22 May 1960 is to date the most powerful megathrust earthquake ever recorded on Earth, rating 9.5 on the moment magnitude scale. Chile earthquake of 1960, the largest earthquake recorded in the 20th century. Originating off the coast of southern Chile on May 22, 1960, the temblor caused substantial damage and loss of life in Chile and—as a result of the tsunamis it generated—in Hawaii, Japan, the Philippines, and other distant coastal areas. Repair and rebuilding of housing and infrastructure in the affected areas were soon under way, though progress was slow in the remoter locations. Millions of people were made homeless by the quake, the cost of which was estimated at $86 billion.

The 1960 Valdivia earthquake struck Chile on the afternoon of 22nd May 1960, causing widespread damage with Valdivia being the most affected city.Also known as the Great Chilean earthquake, it was a 9.5 M W earthquake making it the most powerful ever recorded till date.

The Earthquake which measured about 9.5 in magnitude on the Richter scale affected Valdivia city the most, and thus, it got its name, “Valdivia Earthquake.” The other cities in Chile such as Puerto Montt, Rio Negro, Lebu, Concepcion, Alerce, Valdivia, Rinihue, Totoral, and Villarica, were greatly affected, too. Lessons Learned from the Chilean Earthquake – Steps We Can Take in the U.S. By Dr. Marshall Lew, PE, MACTEC Engineering and Consulting, Inc. Data gathered by a team of renowned structural and geotechnical engineers from the magnitude 8.8 earthquake that struck Chile on Feb. 27 may help to better understand how we can mitigate damage in quake-prone areas in the United States. Houses were destroyed throughout the affected area with most of the damage located at lower elevations, where the earthquake vibrations were the strongest. In Valdivia alone, at least 40% of the houses fell to the ground, which caused approximately 20,000 people to be homeless. The two most affected areas were Valdivia and Puerto Octay, near the northwest corner of Llanquihue Lake.
Some infrastructure was also damaged and one bridge was lost completely in this city. Source: Press Association (Click to view larger image.) Megathrust earthquakes generate tsunamis (known as teletsunamis) that can cross entire oceans.

A massive earthquake has hit central Chile and killed at least 214 people, the interior minister says. The 8.8 quake caused widespread damage, destroying buildings, bridges and roads in many areas. Strong quakes again shook the region in August and September 2008, though they caused considerably less destruction and loss of life.

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