The broadest definition around defines a robot as anything that a lot of people recognize as a robot. I don't think there are fully automated robots besides satellites in space. Spacecraft that explore other worlds, like the moon or Mars, are robots and are included in … Again, it means robots in space have more hardware restrictions than robots on Earth. Since their functions are to transmit and receive signals to and from the earth and gather information, I guess they really are robots in space. They don’t move on robot wheels but I think the basic intelligence – the brain if you will – is there. Click here to see Robonaut, the Humanoid Space Robot. Robots are machines that can be used to do jobs, some robots can do work by themselves and other robots must always have a person telling them what to do. It takes advanced computing algorithms to be able to do what satellites to; scan space and bring back meaningful information to planet earth. Most roboticists (people who build robots) use a more precise definition. The Robot in the television series "Lost in Space" MindStorms: LEGO's popular robotics kit; All of these things are considered robots, at least by some people. Many space scientists, engineers and politicians argue that this is a good thing. You can check his articulations are a lot bigger than usual Humanoid robots. There are many uses robots in space.
While there are countless sensors and gadgets that help astronauts, robo-astronauts work alongside their human counterparts, completing tasks and making their jobs easier. In a way, every satellite and spacecraft is a robot, but I don't think that is what you are asking. In addition, some planetary destinations such as Venus or the vicinity of Jupiter are too hostile for human survival, given current technology.
Many space missions are more suited to telerobotic rather than crewed operation, due to lower cost and lower risk factors. Robots already do significant work on the International Space Station.